Panchakarma therapy is comprised of five basic types of advanced treatment for the evacuation of vitiated Dosha (toxic materials) from the body – Vamana karma, Virechana karma, Nasya karma, Vasthi karma, Raktha mokshana.
Vamana Karma (Drug induced emesis)
Vamana is the procedure of eliminating the doshas from the body through mouth by inducing vomiting.
Vamana is indicated in all of the types of kapha predominant diseases, such as cough, asthma, sinusitis, skin disease, hyperacidity, epilepsy, E.N.T disease, obesity and poisons.
Virechana Karma (Drug induced purgation)
Virechana is a medicated purgation therapy which helps to cleanse toxins that are accumulated in liver, gall bladder and intestine. Vireka cleans sweat glands, the small intestine, colon, kidneys, stomach, liver and spleen. It removes every toxin from the whole body including the cellular level.
Virechana karma is mainly used to cure skin diseases, arthritis, piles, constipation, hypertension, worm, headache, paralysis and acidity.
Nasya (Nasal insuflation)
It is a process by which the medicated oil is administrated through the nostrils. The most common Nasya treatment includes the application of Ghee or Oil, sometimes with additional powdered herbs.
This is a very useful Panchakarma treatment for diseases of upper part of the body. Nasya removes the toxins from the head, which results in clarity of the mind, reduced stress and prevention of wrinkles on the face. It is regularly used to treat stress, headaches, anxiety, sleep disorders, sinusitis, colds, allergies and depression.
Vasti Karma (Drug induced enema)
Vasti denotes the procedure during which a drug is administered through the rectum. During the process, various medicated substances, in the form of decoction or medicated oils, are released into the rectum of the patient.
The ailments related to vata disorder can be treated effectively through the Vasti therapy. Vasti helps treating back pain, sciatica, arthritis, infertility, paralysis, constipation and IBS.
Rakthamokshana (blood leeching)
Raktamokshana, also known as bloodletting, is a unique para-surgical procedure, where the vitiated blood is eliminated from the body by application of a leach.
This is one of the best therapies for blood disorders mentioned in Ayurveda. This is helpful for varicose veins, skin diseases, psoriasis, liver diseases, splenomegaly, tumor, sciatica, migraine and joint diseases.